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Famous Like Me > Actress > N > Antonia Novello

Profile of Antonia Novello on Famous Like Me

Name: Antonia Novello  
Also Know As:
Date of Birth: 23rd August 1944
Place of Birth: Fajardo, Puerto Rico
Profession: Actress
From Wikipedia, the free Encyclopedia

Dr. Antonia Coello Novello (born August 23, 1944 in Fajardo, Puerto Rico) is a medical doctor who served as the United States Surgeon General from 1990 to 1993.

Dr. Antonia Novello

Novello received her B.S. degree from the University of Puerto Rico at Rio Piedras in 1965 and her M.D. degree from the University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine at San Juan in 1970. She then completed her internship and residency in nephrology at the University of Michigan Medical Center in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Novello remained at Michigan in 1973-1974 on a fellowship in the Department of internal medicine, and spent the following year on a fellowship in the Department of Pediatrics at Georgetown University. From 1976 to 1978, she was in private practice in pediatrics in Springfield, Virginia.

In 1978, Novello joined the Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, her first assignment being as a project officer at the National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolism and Digestive Diseases of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). She held various positions at NIH, rising to the job of Deputy Director of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) in 1986. She also served as Coordinator for AIDS Research for NICHD from September 1987. In this role, she developed a particular interest in pediatric AIDS.

During her years at NIH, Novello earned an MPH. degree from the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health in 1982. From 1976, she also held a clinical appointment in pediatrics at Georgetown University Hospital. Novello also made major contributions to the drafting and enactment of the Organ Transplantation Procurement Act of 1984 while assigned to the United States Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.

Novello was appointed Surgeon General by President George H. W. Bush, beginning her tenure on March 9, 1990. She was the first woman and the first Hispanic to hold the position.

During her tenure as Surgeon General, Novello focused her attention on the health of women, children and minorities, as well as on underage drinking, smoking, and AIDS. She played an important role in launching the Healthy Children Ready to Learn Initiative. She was actively involved in working with other organizations to promote immunization of children and childhood injury prevention efforts. She spoke out often and forcefully about illegal underage drinking, and called upon the United States Department of Health and Human Services Inspector General to issue a series of eight reports on the subject. Novello also similarly worked to discourage illegal tobacco use by young people, and repeatedly criticized the tobacco industry for appealing to the youth market through the use of cartoon characters such as Joe Camel. A workshop that she convened led to the emergence of a National Hispanic/Latino Health Initiative.

Novello remained in the post of Surgeon General through June 30, 1993. She then served as the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Special Representative for Health and Nutrition from 1993 to 1996. In 1996, she became Visiting Professor of Health Policy and Management at the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health. Dr. Novello became Commissioner of Health for the State of New York in 1999. In 2002, Dr. Novello was awarded the James Smithson Bicentennial Medal. Dr. Novello was also presented with the Legion of Merit Medal by the United States Secretary of State Colin Powell, which is rarely presented to civilians. The military uniform that Dr. Novello wore was symbolic and traditional and not because she was an actual member of the Armed Forces of the United States.

Preceded by:
James O. Mason
U.S. Surgeon General
Succeeded by:
Robert A. Whitney

This content from Wikipedia is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Antonia Novello