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Famous Like Me > Writer > G > Giovanni Guareschi

Profile of Giovanni Guareschi on Famous Like Me

Name: Giovanni Guareschi  
Also Know As:
Date of Birth: 1st May 1908
Place of Birth: Roccabianca, Italy
Profession: Writer
From Wikipedia, the free Encyclopedia

Giovannino Guareschi (May 1, 1908 - July 22, 1968) was an Italian journalist and humorist whose most famous creation is the priest Don Camillo.

Giovannino Guareschi was born in Fontanelle di Roccabianca, near Parma, Italy, into a middle-class family. In 1926 his family went bankrupt and he could not continue his studies. After unsuccessful studies in the University of Parma and various minor jobs, he started to write for a local newspaper. In 1929 he became editor of the satirical magazine Corriere Emiliano and from 1936 to 1943 he was the chief editor of a similar magazine called Bertoldo.

During World War II, he criticized Mussolini's government. In 1943 he was drafted into the army, which apparently helped him to avoid trouble with the fascist authorities. He ended up as an artillery officer.

When Italy signed the armistice with Allied troops in 1943, he was at the Eastern Front and was arrested and imprisoned in prison camps in Poland for three years alongside other Italian soldiers. He later wrote about this time in Diario Clandestino (Clandestine Diary).

After the war, Guareschi returned to Italy and founded a monarchist satirical magazine, Candido. After Italy became a republic, he began to support Democrazia Cristiana. He criticized and satirized the Communists in his magazine. When the Communists were soundly defeated in the 1948 Italian elections, Guareschi did not put his pen down but criticized Democrazia Cristiana as well.

In 1954 Guareschi was charged with libel after he had published a fake wartime letter from resistance leader Alcide De Gasperi (subsequently a post-war prime minister), telling the Allies to bomb Rome in order to demoralize German collaborators. Guareschi was sentenced for 12 months in Parma prison but was released early for good behavior.

By 1956 his health had deteriorated and he began to spend time in Switzerland for health reasons. In 1957 he retired from the post of editor of Candido but remained a contributor. In 1968 he suffered a fatal heart attack.

Some books (see also Don Camillo):

  • La scoperta di Milano (1941)
  • Il destino si chiama Clotilde (1943)
  • Il marito in collegio (1944)
  • Favola di natale (1945)
  • Diario Clandestino 1943-1945 (1946)
  • Italia Provvisoria (1947)
  • Lo zibaldino (1948)
  • Corrierino delle famiglie (1954)
  • Vita in famiglia (1968)

This content from Wikipedia is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Giovanni Guareschi