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Famous Like Me > Actress > F > Felony

Profile of Felony on Famous Like Me

 
Name: Felony  
   
Also Know As:
   
Date of Birth: 13th January 1969
   
Place of Birth: USA
   
Profession: Actress
 
 
From Wikipedia, the free Encyclopedia
Criminal law
Part of the common law series
Elements of all crimes
Mens rea  · Actus reus
Criminal jurisdiction
Categories of crimes
Felony/Indictable
Misdemeanor/Summary
Hybrid offence  · Lesser included offense
Criminal negligence
Regulatory offences
Crimes against the person
Assault  · Battery  · Robbery
Kidnapping  · Rape
Mayhem  · Manslaughter  · Murder
Crimes against property
Burglary  · Larceny  · Arson
Embezzlement  · False pretenses
Extortion  · Forgery
Crimes against justice
Bribery  · Perjury
Obstruction of justice
Misprision of felony
Inchoate offenses
Solicitation  · Attempt
Conspiracy  · Accessory
Defenses to crime
Self defense and defense of others
Necessity  · Duress
Insanity/mental disorder  · Automatism
Intoxication defense
Attendant circumstances
Other areas of the common law
Contract law  · Tort law  · Property law
Wills and trusts  · Evidence
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A felony, in many common law legal systems, is the term for a "very serious" crime; misdemeanors are considered to be less serious.

Crimes which are commonly considered to be felonies include, but are not limited to: aggravated assault, arson, burglary, murder, and rape. Those who are convicted of a felony are known as felons. Originally, felonies were crimes for which the punishment was either death or forfeiture of property. Nowadays, felons can receive punishments which range in severity; from probation, to imprisonment, to execution. In the United States felons often receive additional punishments such as the loss of voting rights, exclusion from certain lines of work, are prohibited from obtaining certain licenses, may not purchase/possess firearms or ammunition, and are not eligible to run for nor be elected to public office. In addition, some states consider a felony conviction to be grounds for an uncontested divorce.

The distinction between a felony and misdemeanour has been abolished by some common law jurisdictions (e.g. Crimes Act 1958 (Vic., Australia) s. 332B(1), Crimes Act 1900 (NSW., Australia) s. 580E(1)); other jurisdictions maintain the distinction, notably those of the U.S.. Those jurisdictions which have abolished the distinction generally adopt some other classification, e.g. in Canada and New South Wales, Australia, the crimes are divided into summary offences and indictable offences.

The United States

In many jurisdictions of the U.S., a felony is any offense carrying a potential penalty of more than one year in prison. An offense carrying a lesser sentence is usually a misdemeanor. In Massachusetts, on the other hand, a felony is any offense which carries any prison time. Some states have done away with the felony/misdemeanor classification. For example, New Jersey designates offenses as first degree through fourth degree. A third degree offense is punishable by six months to eighteen months in jail.

U.S. jurisdictions retaining the distinction between a felony and a misdemeanor sometimes divide felonies into classes, e.g. class A felony, class B felony, etc.

A civil sanction imposed on U.S. citizens convicted of a felony includes the loss of competence to serve on a grand or petit jury or to vote in elections even after release from prison. While controversial, these disabilities are explicitly sanctioned by the Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, a Reconstruction-era amendment that deals with permissible state regulation of voting rights. However the convicted person may regain his ability to serve as a juror and vote as part of a general restoration of civil rights following completion of sentence. In addition, convicted felons are prohibited by federal law from possessing firearms, a sanction which is not usually remitted upon completion of sentence, but which may be annulled by a pardon of the offense.

Theoretically, federal law allows persons convicted of felonies in a federal United States district court to apply to have their record expunged. However, the U.S. Congress has refused to fund the federal agency mandated with handling the applications of convicted felons to have their record expunged. This means that, in practice, federal felons cannot have their records expunged.

See also

  • three strikes law

This content from Wikipedia is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Felony