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Famous Like Me > Composer > E > Ferenc Erkel

Profile of Ferenc Erkel on Famous Like Me

Name: Ferenc Erkel  
Also Know As:
Date of Birth: 7th November 1810
Place of Birth: Gyula, Hungary
Profession: Composer
From Wikipedia, the free Encyclopedia

Ferenc Erkel (November 7, 1810, Gyula - June 25, 1893, Budapest) was a Hungarian composer. He was the father of Hungarian grand opera, written mainly on historical themes, which are still often performed in Hungary. He also composed the music of "Himnusz", the national anthem of Hungary, which was adopted in 1844. The librettos of his first four operas were written by Béni Egressy. Beside the operas, which he is the best known of, he wrote pieces for piano and chorus. His most widely known piano piece is the Rákóczi March (1840).

He headed the Budapest Philharmonic Orchestra (founded in 1853). The Hungarian State Opera House in Budapest was opened in 1884, of which he was the musical director. A department of the Opera House was established in 1911 in Budapest which also performs operas, named Erkel Színház (Erkel Theatre) since 1953. He was also the director and piano teacher of the Hungarian Academy of Music until 1886.

Erkel was an internationally acknowledged chess player as well.


  • Bátori Mária (1840, two acts; Mária Bátori is the lover of László, son of Coloman of Hungary
  • Hunyadi László (1844, four acts)
  • Erzsébet (1857, three acts, only the second is by Erkel)
  • Bánk bán (1861, three acts; Bánk bán is a palatine of Andrew II) – this opera is often thought of as "the" national opera of Hungary
  • Sarolta (1862, three acts)
  • Dózsa György (1867, five acts)
  • Brankovics György (1874, four acts)
  • Névtelen hÅ‘sök (1880, "Nameless heroes", four acts)
  • István király (1885, "King Stephen", four acts)
  • Kemény Simon (remained in fragments; planned to be of three acts)

This content from Wikipedia is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Ferenc Erkel